Why Do You Need Historiographic Analysis In Academic Work?


Historiography allows us to track how deeply the main problem of scientific work had been studied. This section should contain an analysis of the history of the topic’s study, the author’s concepts, and standpoints of the predecessors. It is needed to see what aspects were missed, or in contrast, were a good point.

What is historiography?

Historiography is the process of the study of a problem. In general, the historiographic analysis makes it possible to reveal the degree of previous knowledge about the object of research, to determine the existing problems, unresolved and controversial issues, the validity of the approaches that took place, and methods used. Analyzing the works of predecessors, you should first of all be interested not so much in the specific facts they set forth, as in the position, points of view, and methods of work of specific historians.

Evaluating the work of predecessors, it is necessary to study in detail what sources they used during the research, how critically and correctly the author conducted their analysis.

How can historiographic analysis be presented?

Often this analysis is presented according to three principles. Namely, two different and one mixed:

  • chronological, in which certain periods or stages in the study of the topic under study are distinguished and analyzed. This is not just a chronology of publications on the topic, but qualitatively different stages in the study of this problem by predecessors;
  • problematic – depending on how, when, and by whom predecessors, they were solved;
  • mixed

This section should show the student’s good skills in working with special literature, his ability to systematize and critically analyze it, evaluate the conclusions made before him.

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